Summary Of Services Provided
The purpose of receiving related services within the school setting is to enhance the educational experience for the student. The service providers will work with the students to help them better access the curriculum through specific goals and objectives. The goals and objectives will be created, with the input of the entire educational team, with the students current level of functioning in mind. Occupational therapists may have a variety of goals, however, they focus on fine motor skills, visual-perceptual skills, cognitive skills, and sensory-processing deficits. Physical therapists focus on pain, strength, joint range of motion, endurance, and gross motor functioning. Speech-Language pathologists my focus on various disorders including receptive/expressive, fluency, articulation, voice or even oral feeding.
The key to success is team work. Frequent open communication between home, school and outside providers will strengthen the skills learned. Skills will be generalized across settings when everyone is on the same page. Below, you will find numerous ideas to use at home to reinforce the skills taught in school.
Here’s a video about OT in your home!
Here are some fun school-age OT Activities:
- Tape large pieces of paper to the wall, above eye level, for the kids to draw or paint on.
- Tape a piece of paper underneath your coffee table and let the kids lie on their backs and color upside down.
- Paint a spot on your garage wall with chalkboard paint and let your kids color with sidewalk chalk.
- Press play dough onto a vertical surface and let the child hide treasures in it (coins, beads, etc.).
- Use a variety of utensils while playing with play dough to improve utensil skills - pizza cutters, plastic knives, cookie cutters.
- Make a "cake" out of play dough and let the child place birthday candles in it. With one hand have them pick up the candle and turn it over in the same hand and put the wick end into back into the play dough. See if they can do this without using their other hand, their body, or the table to help them turn the candle over.
- Let your kids water the plants outside with a plant sprayer pulling the trigger with the index and middle fingers only.
- Let the kids write and draw with chalk on the brick walls of your house and then use water in a plant sprayer to wash it off.
- Use tweezers, tongs, strawberry hullers, olive pickers to pick up and transport small objects. Start with easy objects like cotton balls and marshmallows and then move to smaller objects like beans and beads.
- Use ink stamps on a vertical surface.
- Have child place hands on floor while you pick up their legs and then they "wheelbarrow walk" across the room.
- Large mural painting and coloring can be done with the child on his hands and knees to improve upper body strength and stability.
- Let your children help you cook! Cooking activities that require them to pour and stir provide great upper body strengthening.
- Use a foam bat to hit a suspended ball.
- Arrange dominoes on their narrow end about 1/4" apart. Have the kids flick the dominoes using their thumb and index finger to cause a chain reaction.
- Holding a coffee stirrer in the pads of the thumb and index finger, play tug-of-war with an opponent.
- Put paper on top of different textures (window screen, aluminum foil, sandpaper, paint filled baggies, etc.) and draw on it with crayons.
- Let your kids paint on the bathtub walls with shaving cream. They can use paintbrushes to paint or their fingers to draw on the walls.
- Have your child cut straws into inch long pieces and then have him/her string them.
- Provide various adult clothes (shirts, hats, shorts, socks) and have a relay race. The kids have to run to their pile of clothes and put on an item and then run back. This can be done in teams.
- Frozen Statue Game - The adult quickly assumes a "statue position" and the child has to imitate the position. Continue to assume different positions and have the child follow. Then switch leaders.
- Set up an obstacle course for the kids to maneuver through. (Crawl under table, jump over lines on floor, hop on one foot, circle around trash can, crawl through tunnel, jump rope).
- Make a tape path on the floor and have the kids walk on it staying as close to the line as they can.
- Play balloon volleyball, trying to keep a balloon from touching the ground.
- Make a path of stepping stones using paper or foam squares or shoebox lids. Vary the amount of space between each stone. For more difficulty have the kids step to the beat of your clapping or to music.
- Have the kids pretend that they are a piece of popcorn. They crunch down and "pop" up when they hear you clap.
- Attach crepe paper streamers to their wrists and have the kids move their arms to make different designs.
- Have kids "skate" using shoeboxes, shoe box lids, bread pans, or squares of waxed paper on their feet.
- Draw shapes, letters, or numbers on your child's back with your fingers and have them identify or draw what you drew.
- Draw shapes and letters in a variety of textures (shaving cream, pudding, flour, sand). This can be done on a cookie sheet or outside on the sidewalk. String buttons on pipe cleaners.
Here is a video of some toy for children with physical disabilities!
Below are some fun activities for your child to practice their skills! You might even find yourself enjoying these activities!
With these activities, your child will strengthen large muscles and increase stamina.
- Animal Kingdom: Ask your child to walk like an elephant, leap like a frog, or fly like an eagle to get her whole body in motion.
- Sing Strong: Transform familiar nursery rhymes or songs into simple fitness activities. For example, sing "Hickory, Dickory, Dock," and have your child pretend he's a mouse running and a clock swinging its arms.
- Tree Dancing: Pick a tree and ask her to jog up to it, then gallop around it. See how many different ways she can "play" with the tree -- can she jump over its roots? Swing from a low branch?
Use soft balls, sticks, beanbags, cones, or other objects to make playing even more interesting. These games improve hand-eye coordination and strengthen muscles.
- Which Way?: As you roll a ball toward your child, call out directions on how to kick it -- softly, hard, far away, toward you, toward a friend.
- Stick with Me: When walking on sand, dirt, or snow, trail a stick after you as you turn, double back, and move in a zigzag pattern. Ask your child to follow your trail. Then give him the stick and let him lead.
- Carnival Fun: Ask your child to help you draw a funny face on a large cardboard box, then cut out big circles to toss beanbags through. Or label holes with the letters of her name and see whether she can throw bags through in the right order.
Get your kids climbing, reaching, and twisting; they'll strengthen their muscles and increase flexibility.
- A to Z Fitness: Alphabetize some moves -- for example, "B is for bend; way down, touch the tip of your toes!" or "G is for grab; see if you can grab this big flag!" Sing "The Alphabet Song," and ask your child to chime in with his own suggestions.
- Set the Pace: Have your child show you how slowly a turtle moves and how fast a bunny runs. Then explain that you'll call out "Bunny!" or "Turtle!" and see whether she can move accordingly, quickly changing her tempo when you switch animals.
- Wheelbarrow Obstacles: Set up a simple obstacle course on a soft surface. Hold your child by the ankles and let him slowly walk on his hands, navigating the challenges.
Ever wonder what a day in the life of a speech-language pathologist looks like?
Here are some excellent ways to incorporate speech language practice into your routine-perfect ideas for a warm spring day! These activities are motivating and fun, thus encouraging child participation.
- Cook together- Assign a job for the child to be your helper in order to follow direction, discuss verbs, adjectives etc.
- Have your child help you bake- Check out- http://www.robinhood.ca/baking.with.kids/bwk.funofbaking.asp You can use this opportunity to have your child follow directions, identify and describe ingredients and answer questions. You can ask simple questions “What is this?” to more complex questions about “Why you need to crack the egg open?” or “Why do you need to measure milk?”, “What would happen if you didn't measure the milk?” or “What would happen of you put orange juice in the batter instead of milk?”. Have the child retell the steps within the recipe. You can use pictures from Google Image to help your child follow the recipe on their own! You can even take pictures of the steps and make your own recipe book!!
- Have your child help you prepare for a weekend picnic. Start out by asking what materials you may need or have your child follow directions to find the items and put them in the basket. Have your child pick a location in your yard or home that would be perfect for the picnic.
- Catch and count lightning bugs and then release them. Have your child tell you what you did and where some of the bugs flew.
- Take a walk and collect things that you find! This is great to do when you are on vacation too! When you have a chance you can combine all of the items and have your child sort the items based on similarity, where you found them, etc… Have your child tell you two things about the items. Play treasure hunt with the items and hide them around the house or outside. You can have your child follow directions to find the object, have them give you clues to find it or have your child hunt for the items and tell you it was!!
- Plant a garden and take care of it. You can take pictures of this and have your child create a story, describe what is happening and answer questions.
- Send a letter with pictures to a family member about your summer, vacation or something exciting!
- Play “I spy” and “Simon Says” to improve following directions
- Play “Duck Duck Goose”, “Hide and Seek” and “Ring Around The Rosey”
- Read books!! Ask questions about what they see in the book, label actions and locations. Check out: http://www.ubah.com/ THESE are great for language activities including finding the hidden duck on every page! You can have your child retell events that occurred in the book when the book is completed or answer questions about what they are listening to without seeing the pictures!